Frick, Wilhelm

   bureaucrat and politician; accommodated Hitler's* rise to prominence. Born to a schoolteacher in the Palatinate town of Alsenz, he studied law and earned a doctorate in 1901 at Heidelberg. He entered the civil service* in 1900 and became a lawyer with the Munich Police Com-mission in 1904. Although he was promoted to a judicial post in 1907, he retained his ties with the Munich police.
   Frick was appointed chief of Munich's political police in 1919. Backed by Police Commissioner Ernst Pohner, he used the position to support and en-courage the NSDAP; indeed, Hitler's* rise as a celebrated right-wing agitator would have been untenable without the aid of Munich's police. Frick contended that "we held our protective hand over Herr Hitler and the National Socialist Party* [because] we saw in them the seed for Germany's renewal." But Frick was not simply Hitler's protector; he participated in the abortive Beerhall Putsch.* Although a Munich court sentenced him to fifteen months' confinement for high treason, the sentence was suspended. In May 1924 he entered the Reichstag* as part of the National Socialist Freedom Movement (the NSDAP being banned). From 1926 until January 1930, and again from January 1932 until Hitler's seizure of power, he served in Munich's Security Office. Beginning in 1928, he led the NSDAP's Reichstag faction and during 1930-1931 held Thuringia's* portfolios for both the Interior and Education offices—the first Nazi to achieve any ministerial role in Germany. He was forced to resign the ministries in April 1931 when Thuringia's Landtag passed a vote of no confi-dence against him.
   Since Frick possessed the greatest political and administrative expertise among the leading Nazis, Hitler appointed him Interior Minister on 30 January 1933. One of the executors of Gleichschaltung, he united his office in 1934 with that of Prussian Interior Minister and thereafter retained the augmented position for ten years. When Heinrich Himmler* succeeded in ousting him in 1943, he became Minister without Portfolio and "Protector" of Bohemia and Moravia. He was condemned to death at Nuremberg.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Bracher, German Dictatorship; Neave, On Trial at Nuremberg; NDB, vol. 5.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frick, Wilhelm — ▪ German politician born March 12, 1877, Alsenz, Ger. died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg       longtime parliamentary leader of the German National Socialist Party and Adolf Hitler s minister of the interior, who played a major role in drafting and… …   Universalium

  • Frick, Wilhelm — 1877–1946    Frick was a senior civil servant and Nazi. He was Minister of the Interior in HITLER’s first Cabinet and was responsible for putting into effect measures to extend the Nazi Party’s control of the state. As Chief of Police he came… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Wilhelm Frick — als Angeklagter bei den Nürnberger Prozessen, 1946 Wilhelm Frick (* 12. März 1877 in Alsenz; † 16. Oktober 1946 in Nürnberg) war ein nationalsozialistischer Politiker und unter anderem von 1933 bis 1943 Reichsminister des Innern. Er spielte eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Frick Buchhandlung — GmbH Rechtsform GmbH Sitz Wien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Frick — lors du procès de Nuremberg. Mandats Protecteur de Bohême Moravie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wilhelm Frick — Ministro del Interior del Reich …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wilhelm Gröner — Wilhelm Groener (1932) Wilhelm Groener (* 22. November 1867 in Ludwigsburg, Königreich Württemberg; † 3. Mai 1939 Potsdam Bornstedt) war ein deutscher Militär und Politiker. Er war ein Sohn des Regimentszahlmeisters Karl Eduard Groener und dessen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Freiherr von Gayl — Wilhelm Moritz Egon Freiherr von Gayl (* 4. Februar 1879 in Königsberg; † 7. November 1945 in Potsdam) war ein deutscher Jurist und Politiker (DNVP). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Beruf 2 Abgeordneter 3 Öffentliche Ämte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FRICK (W.) — FRICK WILHELM (1877 1946) Avocat à Kaiserlautern, Frick n’a adhéré officiellement au Parti national socialiste qu’en 1925, mais il s’était déjà, lors du putsch de Munich (8 9 nov. 1923), et alors qu’il était fonctionnaire de la police de cette… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Frick-Regierung — Die Baum Frick Regierung oder auch nur Frick Regierung war in der Weimarer Republik die erste Landesregierung mit einer Beteiligung der NSDAP. Die rechtsbürgerliche nationalsozialistische Koalition des Landes Thüringen verfügte über 28 Mandate… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.